Although, we are not one amongst the least developed nations yet India still lags behind when it comes to sanitation facilities. While the Central Government has made commendable efforts in the recent years to curb this problem, the results have been far from satisfactory.
The situation is worse in poor, congested slum areas, where most of the population still defecate and urinate in the open. This not only tarnishes the surroundings, but poses a serious health hazard for the local populace.
Take for example the case of Ghazipur, a slum area in New Delhi, where 42% residents practice open defecation since there are only 96 public toilets for 30,000 daily users. In addition, the area has almost no water supply. Due to poor sanitation, there is a prevalence of water borne and vector borne diseases in the area.
To tackle this unsound situation, SIG advocated and facilitated the reopening of a defunct toilet block in the area with East Delhi Municipal Corporation. GGPCL mobilised the local community resulting in a `pay and use model’, where each family paying Rs. 100 per month for the daily upkeep of the toilet block, could have access to safe and hygienic toilets.